Assignment: Cultural Relativism
Assignment: Cultural Relativism
Assignment: Cultural Relativism
The opposite of cultural relativism is:
a. biological relativism
c. societal demagoguery
d. biological realism
36. The view that society consists of institutions that serve vital purposes for its people is known
37. The term “functionalism” in anthropology refers to the notion that:
a. Ethnographers are competent observers of human culture.
b. Some societies are “functional” while others are “dysfunctional.”
c. Cultural practices function to fulfill specific needs in a given society.
d. Culture is transmitted through functions like rituals and ceremonies.
38. The existence of a “joking relationship” (one in which interaction is typified by friendly
teasing) between a man and his brothers-in-law would be explained by anthropologist
a. a structured relationship whose function is to reduce potential hostility
b. evidence for cultural influences on individual personality
c. an example of the importance of cultural relativism in kinship roles
d. the basis for materialistic behavior
39. According to Malinowski, magic __________.
a. has a basis in the existence of supernatural powers in all cultures
b. functions to relieve the anxieties of individuals
c. only works when it has the full participation of a given society
d. has no useful purpose for thinking people
40. According to white’s theory of the evolution of sociocultural systems, the most highly evolved
culture would be one:
a. using nuclear energy to generate electricity
b. dependent upon animals to pull plows
c. with industries powered by coal and steam
d. based on the use of human labor alone
GED210 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
41. Political systems with centralized bureaucratic institutions that establish power and authority
over large populations in a specific territory are known as:
42. Clearly defined norms of a society that provides punishment when violated through the
application of formal sanctions by a ruling authority are called:
a. internalized norms
43. Ethnologist Leopold Pospisil has suggested that there are four criteria that must be present
in order for a norm to be considered a law. Which of the following is not one of these
b. intention of universal application
44. Cross-cultural studies:
a. allow anthropologists to make distinctions between behaviors that are culture specific
and those that are universal
b. make it possible for anthropologists to determine if a social trait is biologically
inherited or culturally derived
c. are not used anymore by anthropologists; this older methodology has been shown to
produce false results due to time and geographic lag
d. cannot be conducted today because there has been too much migration from one
culture to another due to modern transportation
45. Full-time religious specialists who serve in an official capacity as the custodians of sacred
c. Priests and priestesses
d. Ritual retainersYou must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
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Discussion Questions (DQ)
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- I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes
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