Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper

Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper

This course integrates knowledge of advanced physiology and pathophysiology across the life span and the clinical implications for the advanced practice nurse. Function and dysfunction of organ systems are analyzed from the cellular level through the integrated organ level. You will examine the pathophysiological factors that influence the incidence and manifestations of acute, episodic, and chronic diseases in populations across the life span. Disease processes and symptom management approaches are investigated utilizing an evidence-based approach. Influences of gender, genetic, , cultural, and temporal variables of human disease are analyzed. MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Question 1.
A community health nurse practitioner is teaching a group of female high school students about the importance of regular Papanicolaou (Pap) smears. The nurse recognizes that which of the following items underlies the rationale for this teaching?
The active substitution of normal cells in the cervix correlates to cancer risk.
Undifferentiated stem cells are an early indicator of cervical cancer.
Cancer of the uterine cervix develops incrementally at a cellular level.MN551: and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Dysplasia in the connective tissue of the cervix is a strong precursor to cancer.
Question 2.
A patient who has a diagnosis of lung cancer is scheduled to begin radiation treatment. The NP providing pretreatment education is explaining some of the potential unwanted effects of the treatment. Which of the following statements by the nurse is most accurate?
“Some patients experience longer-term irritation of skin adjacent to the treatment site.”
“Sometimes you might find that your blood takes longer to clot than normal.”
“The changes that you might see are normally irreversible.”
“The unwanted effects will be limited to the exposed portions of your skin.”
Question 3.
Which of the following patients of a primary care nurse practitioner would not require extra screening for cancer?
A 51-year-old woman whose grandmother died of breast cancer
A 48-year-old man who takes immunosuppressant drugs following a kidney transplant
A 50-year-old male who is obese and has a low-fiber, high-fat diet
A 38-year-old female with Down syndrome and congenital scoliosis
Question 4.
A nurse practitioner is educating a patient with a recent diagnosis of diabetes about the roles that glucose and insulin play in the disease pathology and the fact that glucose must enter the cell in order to provide energy for the patient. The nurse practitioner knows that which of the following processes allows glucose to enter body cells
Facilitated diffusion
Active transport
Question 5. MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span
A student nurse practitioner asks her preceptor about the origins of different tissues, and their cellular origins during the process of development. Which of the following statements by the preceptor best describes the process of cell differentiation?
“Cells of the hematopoietic system produce the appropriate body cells that are required at each stage of development.”
“A single stem cell differentiates into approximately 200 different types of cells.”
“A fertilized ovum undergoes a series of divisions, yielding many different cell types.”
“Cells differentiate into necessary body cells, peaking after conception, and ceasing near the time of birth.”
Question 6.
The nurse practitioner is seeing a client who has an acute exacerbation of Crohn’s disease. The NP recognizes the fact that the disease involves the inflammation and irritation of the intestinal lining. Which of the following types of tissue is most likely involved in the patient’s pathology?
Simple columnar epithelium MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Glandular epithelium
Simple cuboidal epthelium
Stratified epithelium
Question 7.
A nurse practitioner employed in a hospitalist notices that a patient is experiencing muscle atrophy following 2 weeks in traction after a motor vehicle accident. Which of the following factors has most likely contributed to the atrophy of the patient’s muscle cells?
High levels of insulin and IGF-1 in the patient’s blood during immobilization
Denervation of the affected muscles during the time of traction
A reduction of skeletal muscle use secondary to the traction treatment
Reduced oxygen consumption and cellular function that ensures muscle cell survival
Question 8.
A 7-year-old boy is admitted to the hospital with a suspected diagnosis of lead toxicity. Which of the following assessment findings is most congruent with the patient’s diagnosis?
Decreased deep tendon reflexes MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Hemoglobin 9.9 g/dL
Diffuse muscle pain
White blood cells (WBC) 11,000/mm3
Question 9.
The NP is teaching a group of older adults about the value of including foods containing antioxidants in their diet. Which of the following statements best captures the rationale underlying the NPs advice?
Antioxidants inhibit the actions of reactive oxygen species (ROS).
Antioxidants prevent the formation of superoxide dismutase.
Antioxidants react nonspecifically with molecules.
Antioxidants prevent the occurrence of cell dysplasia.
Question 10.
Which of the following statements most accurately conveys an aspect of cell injury due to impaired calcium homeostasis?
Normal intracellular calcium ion levels are higher than extracellular levels.MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Ischemia and certain toxins cause a decrease in cytosolic calcium.
Injured cells tend to accumulate calcium.
Low calcium levels cause an activation of damaging enzymes.
Question 11.
The NP is providing care for a 21-year-old female patient with gas gangrene of a compound fracture in her arm. Which of the following assessment findings would the nurse most reasonably expect to find when caring for a patient with a diagnosis of gas gangrene?
Inflammation of the affected tissue
A positive culture for Staphylococcus
Spreading edema
Impaired alveolar gas exchange
Question 12.
A 45-year-old patient who experienced exposure to radiation during an industrial accident several years prior is being assessed. Which of the following phenomena may underlie the genetic changes that have been noted in the patient?
Base pairs may have been rearranged by the radiation exposure.
Endonucleases may have influenced the DNA structure following exposure.MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Two paired bases may have exchanged helical positions after the accident.
The radiation may have produced redundant or degenerate genetic code.
Question 13.
A child possesses a trait that is the result of the interaction of two different genes, neither of which could have produced the trait independently. Which of the following explanations best captures the genetic explanation for this?
The trait is an expression of multiple alleles.
Epistasis has dictated the phenotypic outcome.
The phenomenon is an example of polygenic inheritance.
The outcome is the result of the interaction between collaborative genes.
Question 14.
A group of researchers has identified that the prevalence of two particular genetic disorders share a statistical correlation. Which of the following statements best conveys the genetic rationale for this situation?
There is likely a cause-and-effect relationship between the two genes responsible.
The chromosomes containing each gene are likely closely situated.
The genes causing each disorder are likely in the same section of the same chromosome.
The disorders likely share the same locus.MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Question 15.
A researcher is involved in the production of insulin through recombinant DNA technology. Which of the following statements could the researcher best provide as a rationale for her work?
The gene fragment responsible for insulin production can be isolated and reproduced.
Particular bacteria are capable of insulin production.
It is possible to reproduce the chromosome responsible for insulin production.
Recombination of DNA base pairs can result in a gene that will produce insulin.
Question 16.
An infant who is four days postpartum has been diagnosed with a single-gene disorder. The parents of the child have a number of questions about the etiology of the health problem, which the physician is attempting to address in detail. Which of the following teaching points most accurately captures an aspect of single-gene congenital disorders?
Affected genes are present on autosomal chromosomes rather than sex chromosomes.
The majority of single-gene disorders manifest near the time of puberty.
A particular defect can be caused by mutations at one of several different loci.MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Single-gene disorders are associated with existing rather than new mutations.
Question 17.
A male patient of a nurse practitioner has an autosomal dominant disorder. The patient and his partner are considering starting a family. Which of the patient’s following statements indicates the patient has an adequate understanding of the genetic basis of this ?
“I know there’s no way of accurately determining the chance that my child will inherit the disease.”
“My children who don’t have the disease still run the risk of passing it on to their children.”
“I know that new genetic mutations won’t occur between generations.”
“I know that a single mutant allele is to blame for the health problem.”
Question 18.
A 6-year-old girl with a diagnosis of Marfan syndrome is being assessed at a community health clinic. Which of the following assessments would be the health care professional’s lowest priority?
A test of the child’s visual acuity
A musculoskeletal assessment
Tests of kidney function
Cardiovascular assessment MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Question 19.
A new older female patient at a long-term care facility has a diagnosis of type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF-1). As part of the intake assessment protocol for the facility, the clinical educator is teaching the care staff about the diagnosis. Which of the following statements most accurately conveys an aspect of neurofibromatosis?
“The neurofibroma lesions are unsightly for the patient, but they are not painful.
“Her diagnosis puts her at higher risk of developing a malignant neoplasm.”
“She is living with an example of an autosomal recessive disorder.”
“The patient is likely to be photosensitive as a result of the disease.”
Question 20.


As part of an orientation to a genetic counseling practice, a group of medical students is differentiating between autosomal recessive disorders and autosomal dominant disorders. Which of the following statements is true of autosomal recessive disorders?
They can manifest when present in one or both gene pairs.
There is a one in two chance of an affected child in each pregnancy with an affected mother.
They tend to have a more uniform symptomatology than autosomal dominant disorders.
The associated disorders are usually attributable to abnormalities in structural proteins.MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Question 21.
Which of the following pregnant women has most likely encountered the greatest increase in the risk that her child will have a fetal anomaly?
A woman with diagnoses of syphilis and cirrhosis of the liver
A woman who has herpes simplex and recently recovered from endocarditis
A woman with chronic obstructive pulmonary syndrome and tuberculosis
A woman with diagnoses of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and peripheral neuropathy
Question 22.
A 77-year-old male patient with a diagnosis of stomach cancer has been found to have metastases in his liver. The patient and his family are surprised at this turn of events, stating that they don’t see how he could have developed cancer in his liver. Which of the following facts would underlie the reply that the care team provides?
The parenchymal tissue of the liver is particularly susceptible to secondary malignancies.
The portal circulatory system brings venous blood from the gastrointestinal tract into the liver.
Hepatic stromal tissue shares characteristics with cancerous cells, including lack of anchorage dependence.
The proximity of the liver to the stomach allows for direct spread of cancerous cells due to a lack of contact inhibition.
Question 23.
A woman is surprised to read on the Internet that certain infections can cause cancer and has sought clarification from her nurse practitioner during an office visit. How can the NP best respond to the woman’s query?MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
“Though it’s not particularly common, it’s true that certain bacteria and viruses can lead to cancer.”
“Most cancers that cannot be attributed to family history or lifestyle are in fact associated with viruses.”
“There are many viruses, but only a very few of them have been shown to cause cancer in humans.”
“This is true; for example, HIV has been shown to cause cancer in some patients.”
Question 24.
The family of a 68-year-old man who is in the end stages of small cell lung cancer is distraught at his visible body wasting that has worsened in recent weeks. Which of the following phenomena best accounts for the patient’s anorexia and cachexia?
Inadequate cellular metabolism of glucose results from tumor factors
High fat losses coupled with preservation of muscle mass exaggerate the appearance of wasting
Products of the tumor itself as well as a hypermetabolic state cause cachexia
Inadequate food intake due to symptoms and treatment results in loss of both muscle and fat MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper
Question 25.
The nurse practitioner working in occupational health has been asked to speak to a group of factory workers about the importance of wearing gloves when working with strong chemicals such as turpentine and paint thinner. Which of the following characteristics of cell membranes underlies the nurse’s teaching?
Cell membranes are impermeable to all but lipid-soluble substances.
Cell membranes have lipids that have a hydrophilic head and a hydrophobic tail.
Cell membranes contain receptors for hormones and biologically active substances.
Transmembrane proteins can pass through the cell membrane into the intracellular environment.MN551: Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper

Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology Across the Life Span Essay Paper

What Will You Get?

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

Authentic Sources

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

Order Tracking

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9650+ Students for Writing

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Preferred Writer

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Grammar Check Report

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

One Page Summary

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

Plagiarism Report

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality

It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


We Analyze Your Problem and Offer Customized Writing

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

We Mirror Your Guidelines to Deliver Quality Services

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • Active communication to understand requirements.

We Handle Your Writing Tasks to Ensure Excellent Grades

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

  • Thorough research and analysis for every order.
  • Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now