Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing Essay

Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing Essay

As its name suggests, CAD uses computers and related technology to produce and modify designs. In contrast, CAM is concerned with the help of these same tools to fabricate objects (Gialain et al., 2019). In this case, a small business, Sakshi Sarees, situated in Gurugram, India, will be considered to implement CAD and CAM.   Sakshi Sarees manufactures sarees, traditional Indian women’s apparel. The company’s vast majority of sarees are made by hand or through semi-automated processes.

The first step in incorporating CAD and CAM into an organization is to plan the introduction and integration process, which should involve managers, supervisors, and other high-level employees. Management personnel would be involved in this process. Following the recommendations of Gialain et al., a comprehensive summary of the project’s economics, feasibility, and pros and drawbacks is required (2019). The next stage is instructing current employees in CAD and CAM software. Contracts must be employed for both internal and external trainers.

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Additionally, these technologies will necessitate hiring new personnel and installing new equipment and computer networks. It is crucial to remember that certain employees can resist change, so it is essential to find strategies to keep them engaged and motivated. As the third step, the management should choose the next destination. Following the completion of prototypes and test runs, production can utilize CAD and CAM technologies under the direction of an expert. Monitoring and reporting timely metrics such as expenses and output to management is necessary. If all goes according to plan, CAD and CAM will be introduced gradually and under tight supervision into production to build roots in the company. Meanwhile, frequent performance reviews and adjustments are needed.


Part II

Case Study: Using AIS: What Is the Problem?

The research of Fordham and Hamilton (2019) prompted “Accounting Information Technology in Small Business: An Inquiry” to investigate the role of AIT in small businesses. Contrary to the literature, the survey found that only one-third of firms use integrated accounting information.

Fordham and Hamilton discovered something completely unexpected from a literature review on integrated software. According to the study, only about a third of the organizations surveyed used integrated software, and only about 10% of those using integrated software had accounting information systems. Because of the complexity of the required hardware, small businesses have been slow to adopt AIS (Al-Hawari, 2017). They also discovered that small business owners lacked accounting knowledge and relied on outside guidance when deciding which system to implement (Fordham & Hamilton, 2019). Many people wonder how much it would cost to use, how difficult it would be, and which agency would be in charge. Traders investigated the market’s accepted accounting system to determine how it scored organizations. Many businesses relied on employee recommendations when deciding which computer application to use, while others altered software usage to better suit the products they were selling. QuickBooks was discovered to be the most popular accounting software.

According to Fordham and Hamilton (2019), “the prevalence of integrated accounting software in small businesses is not as common as the literature might suggest, and there is an opportunity for research into why business owners do not use integrated software. also,  there may be an opportunity to help entrepreneurs improve their efficiency and effectiveness; and entrepreneurs who use integrating software find benefits beyond simple accounting functions.” Given the data used in the study, the results are pretty accurate. According to their conclusion, the importance of AIS to SMBs is that it would free up resources and allow businesses to focus on their core competencies.

Additional reasons why business owners are not using AIS:

The main reasons business owners do not use AIS include; Insufficient knowledge; many do not grasp the importance of accounting in their operations (Al-Hawari, 2017). Business owners must rely on the advice of individuals around them when deciding how to maintain financial records due to a lack of expertise. In order to make informed judgments on which accounting software to install, business owners must have access to credible data regarding AIS deployment. Condignly, since most business leaders are unfamiliar with AIS, they rely on manual accounting methods. Although the accounting system was designed to simplify the bookkeeping process, it can be difficult for anyone to understand how to use it (Shields & Shellman, 2016). Therefore, business owners are obligated to familiarize themselves with the system. Notably, business owners frequently delay adopting an AIS out of worry that they will fail miserably on their first attempt. These two factors add to the fear that people experience. The best way for business owners to overcome their concerns about AIS adoption is to study the technology and practice using it beforehand as much as possible.


Al-Hawari, F. (2017). Analysis and design of an accounting information system. International Research Journal of Electronics and Computer Engineering, 2, 16-21.

Fordham, D. R., & Hamilton, C. W. (2019). Accounting information technology in small businesses: an inquiry. Journal of Information Systems, 33(2), 63-75.

Gialain, I. O., Pinhata-Baptista, O. H., Cavalcanti, M. G. P., & Cortes, A. R. G. (2019). Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing milling of allogeneic blocks following three-dimensional maxillofacial graft planning. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 30(5), e413-e415.

Shields, J., & Shelleman, J. M. (2016). Management accounting systems in microSMEs. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship, 21(1), 19.


Part I: Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing
1 Page:
The face of production changed significantly in recent years. IT systems of conversion processes changed how businesses design their current business structure and operations. Select a small business (not large corporations) of your choice. Introduce computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) to the operations of the small business. How would you implement this change?

Part II: Case Study: Using AIS: What Is the Problem?
2 Pages
Overview: Fordham and Hamilton evaluated a broad range of small businesses and found that a large majority are still using accounting practices that do not constitute true integrated computerized accounting systems.
Read this article before you begin this assignment:
Accounting Information Technology in Small Businesses: An Inquiry.
Instructions: Evaluate the findings Fordham and Hamilton presented in their paper. Propose additional reasons why small business owners are not using AIS in their businesses. Provide support to your arguments and proposals using additional materials. Use at least three quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar websites do not qualify as quality resources.

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