Diversity in Health Care Essay

HLT 324V Week 1 Benchmark Assignment – Diversity in Health Care Essay
Diversity has a significant influence on health care. Studying transcultural health care helps health professionals understand different cultures in order to provide holistic and individualized health care. Review the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence, including the theory, framework and 12 domains. Write 750-1,000 word paper exploring the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence. Include the following:
Explain the theory and organizational framework of the Purnell Model, and discuss its relevance to transcultural health care.
Describe Purnell’s 12 domains of culture, and assess how each of these domains plays an active role in the diversity of health care in your specific field.
Discuss how this model can be applied when working with different cultures in order to become a more culturally competent health care provider.
Cite at least three references, including the course textbook.
Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.


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Sample Answer


Transcultural health care implies being careful and concerned about cultural disparities as one focuses on discrete patients, their preferences, and their needs. Again, the concept emphasizes that health care workers should elicit respect to the patients for their cultures by enquiring about their traditional beliefs and associated health care parameters applied. With this critical and formidable knowledge, health professionals can provide complete and personalized health care services. Regarding this, the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence is broadly utilized for educating and enhancing intercultural competence, specifically within the nursing profession. Therefore, the study aims to explain the theory and organizational framework of the Purnell Model and discuss its relevance to transcultural health care. Also, the paper seeks to address the twelve domains of culture and describe how the model can be used when working with various cultures for competitive service provision.

The Purnell model includes twelve domains that include overview or heritage, family roles and organization, communication, workforce issues, high-risk, biocultural ecology, behaviors, pregnancy, nutrition, death rituals, healthcare practices, spirituality and healthcare professionals. The framework is designed so clearly such that nursing acquires amicable skills to aid them in their profession. The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence was intended as a framework to assemble and categorize elements that impact the cultural values and beliefs of an individual. Besides, the structure implies an ethnographic technique to bolster cultural awareness and pertinence regarding healthcare services. It provides a rationale for individual’s offering care to obtain knowledge and skills that improve the cultural competence care of patients in a clinical setting. Therefore, the model has been highly appreciated to integrate transcultural expertise into the implementation of nursing duties and in various environments.

Purnell’s twelve domains are vital in training the health care professionals on affirmative and effective practices that will enhance the quality of services they offer to patients. They include global society that explains the importance of appreciating and recognizing peoples’ ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Again, the family was described to be very crucial for enhancing the patient’s health and recuperation from diseases since they know how to handle their own. Thirdly, the community gives a patient cultural experience that promotes relief of their ailments due to practices engaged. Besides, persons must be treated in the administration of culturally competent care, as everyone has their sense of self, values, beliefs, and ideas.

Additionally, the impression of biocultural ecology relates to discrepancies that are between the varied range of cultural groups and race such as biological disparities, that ought to be considered to increase knowledge and appreciation for other cultures. Sixth is the high-risk behaviors like drinking of beer are essential to consider as they are within all cultures, but the levels to usage and following effects fluctuate. Seventh is nutrition which should be carefully considered because of discrepancies that occur amongst various cultures like food consumption and values of specific foods. Again, pregnancy and childbearing are deemed significant for people to comprehend when offering culturally competent care because of the existence of varied cultural beliefs concerning pregnancy.  Also, some several traditions and practices are in ethnocultural groups that must be appreciated when giving care (Purnell et al., 2019).

Ninth is that the health care worker needs to recognize patients’ thoughts concerning demise, and their culture towards events like funeral ceremonies. The tenth is spirituality which is also crucial to appreciate in the attaining of knowledge on other people’s customs and their practices. Furthermore, health care practices should be well thought of in giving culturally competent care, as methods like organ transplantation need the understanding of a person’s condition and need for attention as well as cultural considerations. Finally, health care practitioners need to be honored when offering a person with care because there are changing ideas and insights that are present amongst cultures.

The Purnell’s Model has been well designed to aid in all cultural aspects and diversities meeting the need of all involved parties and cultures perfectly. With this, health care facilities that use the Purnell’s Model will add value to not only the patients but also themselves since they get an excellent opportunity to learn and understand the customs. Again, the information provided the model is very comprehensive and significant since it touches all critical parties that are involved all from the global perspective, community, family to person and needs of special concerns. Purnell’s Model for Cultural Competence has revolutionized the health care sector, where the customs and practices of various cultural groups are appreciated and respected. Moreover, the health care professionals obtained a culture of maintaining a high degree of confidentiality about patients’ details.

Purnell’s Model for Cultural Competence has a higher capability of handling many issues in different cultures and deliver formidable, quality, and substantial results. The model can be able to fetch and acquire deep secrets of various culture and adhere to their beliefs as a way of showing respect. Regarding this, both the health care provider and patients are satisfied, and their confidence of expression heightened, which results in excellent results. Thus, both economic benefit and good reputation of the medical facility is achieved (Purnell et al., 2019).

In conclusion, Purnell’s Model for Cultural Competence has remarkable production in all areas of use, especially in a health care setting. Therefore, all health professionals, such as nurses, doctors, laboratory technicians, and pharmacists, should embrace the rich knowledge and skills provided in this reputable model for cultural competence enhancement.


Purnell, L. D., & Fenkl, E. A. (2019). The purnell model for cultural competence. In Handbook for Culturally Competent Care (pp. 7-18). Springer, Cham.

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