Health Care Access

Details: This site is something that you will use after you have graduated from Grand Canyon University to keep up with the latest information on healthcare research.
Access The Agency for HealthCare Research and Quality (AHRQ) website and select one of the multiple funded programs available to research.

Write a 1,500-1,750-word essay addressing the following questions with regard to your chosen program (Respiratory Therapist and Cardiologist Technician. Use at least three to five academic sources in writing this paper.

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What is the mission and budget?
What is the strategic plan of the program?
What do they do to control the quality of health care?
What do they do for cost containment?
How are they aligned with health care professionals?
Is this a valuable program or a waste of taxpayer money? If the program has faults, how could it be improved or should it be abandoned? Be prepared to defend your position.
Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is required.


Sample Answer



Health care access is essential as ailments, injuries or comorbidities are inevitable to all. Healthcare access is critical as it helps in endorsing and maintaining health, averting and handling disease, dropping necessary disability and untimely death and realizing health equity for all people. Nevertheless, addressing issues such as the healthcare cost and medical insurance covers and costs can help in realizing health equity for all as it often causes inequality as the affluent in the society have better healthcare facilities in contrast to the less fortunate who are vulnerable.

Mission and Budget

The mission of the AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality) is to provide evidence to make healthcare harmless, of higher eminence, more reachable, unbiassed and inexpensive while working with other associates in the healthcare sector such as Department of Health and Human Services to guarantee that evidence is coherent and utilized. In this relation, the AHRQ collaborates with the DoD (Department of Defense) to provide medical training and rapid response systems that aid in the reduction of medical errors in the form of TeamSTEPPS program (AHRQ, 2019). The cooperation of the two departments helps in advocating on the need for teamwork in healthcare which is a powerful solution to improving collaboration and communication within healthcare facilities.

TeamSTEPPS is an evidence-based teamwork system that was designed to advance the quality, safety and efficiency of healthcare. TeamSTEPPS program is logical as it is practical and adaptable as it provides ready to use materials for training and ongoing teamwork. The program was developed to heighten the performance among the healthcare professionals by aiding them to respond swiftly and excellently to the situations that arise.

The AHRQ annual budget on TeamSTEPPS program is approximately $17-29 billion, according to the legendary report of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of 1999, which revealed that 98,000 iatrogenic deaths could be prevented. According to Carver & Hipskind (2019), the latest reports indicate that about 210,000 to 440,000 deaths are experienced yearly based on medical errors which can be deteriorated by implementing TeamSTEEPS programs with healthcare systems. With increased funding, issues such as the faulty systems, processes and conditions that increase medical errors in healthcare can be addressed as an interprofessional team comprising of a respiratory therapist, cardiologist technician among nurses and physicians can be deployed.

TeamSTEPPS programs are cost-effective as the cost required to implement and oversee the development is minimal compared to the value of the medical errors. The program is vital as it lowers the errors through implementing the interdisciplinary team training that fosters proven methods of team training. In addition, the cost incurred in funding the TeamSTEPPS is minimal compared to savings which makes it more effective than other conventional methods of increasing patient safety.


Strategic Plan of the Program

The strategic plan of the program is built on a rapid response system that caters for the health care emergencies that help in curbing untimely cardiovascular deaths. The program helps as it brings teams of critical care expertise to the patient bedside when other resources are deficient. The Rapid Response Systems assists as it brings a wide range of healthcare professionals who coordinate their efforts to save more lives (Cheng & Mikrogianakis, 2018). Moreover, the program incorporates best practices from research to improve the quality and efficiency in the healthcare system by advancing communication and other teamwork skills.

TeamSTEEPS programs strategic plan centrally focus on communication and teamwork among healthcare professionals to attain higher outcomes. Increased collaboration among healthcare professionals enables the program to unveil important team outcomes such as increased adaptability top changing situations, increased understanding of the care plan, provision of safe, reliable, efficient care and development of positive attitudes towards teamwork. As a result, a patient with chronic illness can acquire multidisciplinary care that improves their quality of life.

TeamSTEPPS programs strategic plan has been designed based on the medical community to facilitate the daily functioning of the medical facilities while being customized to meets the medical healthcare facilities’ needs. As a result, healthcare teams identify the apposite teamwork process that can be utilized to address a specific healthcare problem as it provides a variety of selections that can be incorporated in different departments.

TeamSTEPPS program strategic plan is established with the basis of utilizing ready to use materials to foster and integrate teamwork principles into all areas of the healthcare system. The utilization of the ready to use materials in areas such as the medical and the support systems enable everyone to focus on teamwork as well as improving the daily work. In this relation, the program sensitizes on the need to enhance the culture of the collaboration among different professionals to curb preventable deaths.


Controlling the Quality of Healthcare.

Controlling of healthcare quality is essential as it keeps healthcare provides at toes as well as helps in unveiling areas of weakness and strengths that are vital in ensuring safety has been attained. In this relation, the TeamSTEPPS programs ensure that quality is achieved through assessment tools such as debriefs and sensemaking to helping to understand and improving performance. Debriefing as a tool helps in making the caregivers realize what happened; hence assessment on performance is steered in addressing the roles, the tasks, responsibilities and helps in emphasizing transitions of care.

Sensemaking as a tool is also used in controlling the quality of healthcare as it assumes the bold styles for risks and hazard assessment when dealing with problems. The method incorporates Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) and Root Cause Analysis (RCA) to address the process by which things go wrong as well as attempting to uncover what might have gone wrong during the uncommon event respectively.

To ensure that quality has been attained the program also ensures that patients are not subjected to harm as the interprofessional team ensures clinically deteriorating patients are served promptly. The team works through triggering a response after identifying critical patients who require immediate assistance through the rapid response team activation. Additionally, the team reviews the patients through gathering and scrutinizing the data from events and unceasingly seeking to improve inhibition and response to the problem. As the last step, the team enrolls its administrators to coordinate resources and implement the policy changes to tackle the problem (Bellemo, 2018) effectively.


Cost Containment

Cost containment refers to the practice of upholding the expense levels to prevent superfluous expenditure or considerately lowering the expenses to progress the productivity depriving of the lasting damage of the company. Cost containment is essential as it helps the organizations in reducing the budget constraints as it cuts down the cost to only necessary and intended expenses to satisfy financial targets. In this relation, AHRQ utilizes cost containment to identify, target and evaluate all aspects of the health system such as the prices in terms of cost of care, volumes, supply, demand and the market processes within the system (Stadhouders et al., 2019).

Containing the total cost incurred in the operation of healthcare services is the ultimate goals of all facilities as it helps in creating additional income that can be utilized in improving the quality of care. TeamSTEPPS being a national program ensures its costs are lowered through ensuring that obtaining materials and having trainers teach themselves. This helps in reducing the cost as there is less preparation of trainer costs as participants learn by their own and from each other.

Using change team members as well as ensuring that healthcare professionals attend master training helps in reducing the cost as change team members spend about 200 hours on learning in the entire year. With this, team members are able to supplement each other with insights on how they can utilize the experiences to transform the healthcare industry. This often fosters collaboration as team members interact with each other before working as a team which increased the trust.

Aligning Healthcare Professionals

TeamSTEEPS programs align all healthcare professionals as it incorporates respiratory therapist and cardiologist technicians, among others to help in curbing cardiac arrests. The program helps in ensuring that teamwork and collaboration are attained in healthcare facilities and departments to ensure the safety and welfare of the patients have been assured. Besides, the program aligns with multiple evidence-based practices that champion for multidisciplinary care that aids in the reduction of medical errors and increased healthcare outcomes. By integrating different professional as a team, TeamSTEPPS program not only assures the importance of teamwork but also assist in building collaboration through its cost-containment measures of allowing team members to educate each other.

The value of the Taxpayer’s money

TeamSTEPPS program incorporates the rapid response team, which is valuable to taxpayer’s money as it reduces hospital mortality rates and cardiopulmonary arrest outside intensive care units (Cheng & Mikrogianakis, 2018).  As an establishment of the rapid response teams, TeamSTEPPS programs ensure that caregivers have a prompt evaluation, triage and treatment of ward patients showing clinical deterioration as adequate training ensures higher levels of monitoring and acre care have been ensured. As a result, the program has ensured that untimely deaths have been prevented.

Funding the TeamSTEPPS has proven to be valuable as it has transformed the emergency departments through manifold training programs that revolutionized the medical teams. This is evident as there is boosted staff attitude towards teamwork, abridged pragmatic clinical errors and amended observed team behaviors. Besides, the program has facilitated the implementation of SBAR (Situational, Background, Assessment and Recommendations) that improved the communication between caregivers. As a result, there has been a lessening rate of adverse drug events as well as increased medical reimbursement at patient admission in healthcare facilities.

Implementation of the TeamSTEPPS is valuable in the operating rooms as it fosters increased communication which promotes patient safety. As a result, there is increased operating room employee fulfilment and a lessening in the nursing turnover rate as there is better error evasion in unknown severe surgical risks. In the operating room, for instance, improved communication has increased administration of timely prophylactic antibiotics before incision as well as increased pre-operation deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis before induction.




Carver, N., & Hipskind, J. E. (2019). Medical error. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing.

Cheng, A., & Mikrogianakis, A. (2018). Rapid response systems for paediatrics: Suggestions for optimal organization and training. Paediatrics & child health23(1), 51-57.

Stadhouders, N., Kruse, F., Tanke, M., Koolman, X., & Jeurissen, P. (2019). Effective healthcare cost-containment policies: A systematic review. Health Policy123(1), 71-79.

TeamSTEPPS Rapid Response Systems Guide. (March 2019). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.

Bellomo, R. (2018). Rapid response teams. ICU Management &Practice, Vol. 18- Issue 2, 2018. Retrieved from:

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