Healthcare in the United States

Technology in health care has taken many forms over the years. In 1796, Edward Jenner developed the first smallpox vaccination method. A hundred years later, Wilhelm Rontgen discovered how to use x-rays for medical imaging. And in 2013, Japanese researchers grew the first human liver from stem cells. What is next? How does one technological advance set the stage for further discoveries?

For this assignment you will compose an analysis of 750-1,000 words incorporating the following:

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Evaluate at a minimum of two different historical perspectives regarding the delivery of health care in the United States. How has technology and the lack of developing technology affected and shaped these perspectives?
Contrast and describe two technological advances that have positively impacted health care delivery in the United States.
Explain how the two technological advances you selected have influenced public opinion of the changing health care system in the United States? Provide a brief summary of both positive and negative opinions.
Forecast how you believe these two technological advances will affect delivery and utilization of health care in the United States in the future. What other factors may simultaneously affect health care utilization?

 

Sample Answer

 

Healthcare in the United States

There have been various improvements in the sector of health care in the United States, which are spurred by pressures of convenience, eminence, and cost of health care services based on the increasing level; of technology. However, the development of these aspects of the health care system is mostly limited by various issues. For example, for the case of expanding or improving accessibility of the health care services, it is bleak to coordinate the whole process of health care providers due to the existing uneven nature of delivering care services. The scope of this paper scrutinizes the key historical viewpoints of the Medicare organizations in the United States by examining two fundamental illustrations explaining the relation between health care delivery and information or data, convenience, and personal or individual insights regarding health care services.

Firstly, the advancement of technology has mostly contributed to curbing the death risk associated with one of the most critical historical illnesses; chronic illness, since in the past it was neither preventive nor curable and thus infected patients had no hope for survival. However, the actual health care condition of chronic illness is quite different from today’s since it evolved slowly such that doctors were the only people legalized to spot and provide medication to the infected patients (Noorbakhsh-Sabet, Zand, Zhang, & Abedi, 2019). Still, with progressive expertise due to technology impact, patients are extra dynamic and tangled in their wellbeing. Data concerning chronic illness is voluntarily availed, and thus civic insight about the disease has correspondingly shifted mainly on its management.

Secondly, doctors were viewed as impressive and the only known source of medical information based on the fact that patients had to rely on them to convey information and justify it. Also, they played active parts in handling care; they were accountable for instructing patients on matters concerning the ailment, as well as availing all the sensitive health-related information to them appropriately. Again, the doctors were more devoted to the provision of health care by closely upholding their duties and responsibilities (Kharrazi, Gonzalez, Lowe, Huerta, & Ford, 2018). This contributed to the improvement of the quality of health care services as well as increased competence, and thus patients received the best care. However, with technology, it has become easier for patients to access medical information by themselves through the internet, and therefore, there is minimal consultation with doctors.

Additionally, Medics handled patients by a lot of attention strictly after the instant they arrived at the checkup chamber up to the day they will be cleared. However, afterward, Doctors had a responsibility to ensure that they recover fully by organizing home visits to examine the patients’ condition and investigate if they are doing well (Noorbakhsh-Sabet, Zand, Zhang, & Abedi, 2019). Besides the improvement of technology and the conforming increase in the demand for health care amenities, physician’s roles are currently reformed through the introduction of additional specialized health care staff for regularly attending patients and doing their daily checkups. Also, present-day health care structures encompass more expert care diplomacies where all the primary purposes of health care conveyance are unified. However, technology has principally transformed the world; this is palpable in health care delivery schemes.

Technological progressions have powered the prevalent transformations in the health care segment, for example, in the field of genetic or hereditary testing and the use of computerized health records for keeping patient’s data, which have assisted mainly in the analysis and dealing with chronic infections. Genomic testing is, however, gradually used to recognize besides forecast genetic factor that may upsurge the peril of evolving cancer and associated chronic diseases such as sickle cell anemia (Noorbakhsh-Sabet, Zand, Zhang, & Abedi, 2019). However, expertise can, too, be used to regulate some categories of genetic factors that are not hereditary to children before they are born. Despite the mentioned pros of genetic testing, several cons are associated too. These are patients who are tested positive or infected and are faced with nervousness and stress or depression. It does not eliminate a person’s risk for cancer, and also, the outcomes may be ambiguous

On the other hand, automatic health care accounts have prompted to supple means of recording and keeping patient therapeutic data. An automated health database is a powerful method of apprehending then stowing health accounts for patients, which are available from any place. Again, progressive technology allows patients to also be aggressively intricate in self-care.  Currently, there are mobile devices that can be used by patients in monitoring their health conditions such as blood pressure and blood sugar level, as well as helping them in performing simple self-care services or activities (Kharrazi, Gonzalez, Lowe, Huerta, & Ford, 2018). The use of automated or electronic patient statistics has helped health care providers in the accurate detects of chronic sicknesses as well as refining patients’ safety. Again, health care workers can quickly contact patient’s annals deprived of necessarily ensuing lengthy procedures. Electronic schemes have also enhanced the synchronization of health care and abridged medical gaffes.

These systems more so enable patients to enter their details instead of having to write it on a stack of papers to be printed later by the staff. A probable disadvantage of electronic health systems is that computerization of the patients’ records requires care. This is essential to protect the sensitive data stored from unsanctioned access by cybercriminals. Again, the developers of this software may lack the ability to upgrade or appraise it in agreement with the healthcare best practices and legal regulations (Kharrazi, Gonzalez, Lowe, Huerta, & Ford, 2018). Contrasting genetic testing and electronic health records, there exists an ultimate barrier to the decent and competent integration of genetic data into electronic health records due to lack of essential endorsement and lapse of genetic tests. Again, there need more clinical officers trained in genetics. It is thus recommendable that genetic education should be essentialized in medical schools. It will ensure that principal care physicians have genetic aptitude.

In future, health care providers in the United States will be able to apply genomic knowledge and do genetic scrutiny for any hereditarily determined feature of a person. This will detect contemporary illness, envisage future disease risk, and define other less medically pertinent qualities, based on the advancement of genetic education and genetic testing competency (Noorbakhsh-Sabet, Zand, Zhang, & Abedi, 2019). On the other hand, electronic health records will feature computerization analytics, telemedicine, genomics, and more in the not-too-distant imminent. Again, the electronic health record is the kingpin of healthcare information technology and is steadily sprouting at an unswervingly quick pace in recent years. Another recent event manipulating the health care organization in America is the Affordable Care Act. However, its influence has been seen through necessities that permit fledgling grown-ups up to 26 ages to vacation on their parent’s diplomacies. It has extended health coverage to low-income families through the Medicaid program.

Conclusively, I trust that this progress will help humanity become even sturdier and more influential by how we could try to overwhelm whatsoever; with the help of technology, we can come up with cure a cumbersome illness, or even form medicine from nonentity. The advancements of new treatments and resolutions to challenging ailments such as cancer have upgraded the proficiency in the conveyance of health care services in the United States.

References

Kharrazi, H., Gonzalez, C. P., Lowe, K. B., Huerta, T. R., & Ford, E. W. (2018). Forecasting the maturation of electronic health record functions among US hospitals: a retrospective        analysis and predictive model. Journal of medical Internet research20(8), e10458.

Noorbakhsh-Sabet, N., Zand, R., Zhang, Y., & Abedi, V. (2019). Artificial intelligence transforms the future of healthcare—the American journal of medicine.

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