NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question

NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question

P——Young adults ages 18 and older Marijuana smoking
I ——- Smoking cessation.
C—— Marijuana replacing nicotine
O—–Counseling to reduce risk
T ——Reduce risk factors associated with smoking now

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In nursing practice, accurate identification and application of research is essential to achieving successful outcomes. Being able to articulate the information and successfully summarize relevant peer-reviewed articles in a scholarly fashion helps to support the student’s ability and confidence to further develop and synthesize the progressively more complex assignments that constitute the components of the course change proposal capstone project.

For this NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question assignment, the student will provide a synopsis of eight peer-reviewed articles from nursing journals using an evaluation table that determines the level and strength of evidence for each of the eight articles. The articles should be current within the last 5 years and closely relate to the PICOT statement developed earlier in this course. The articles may include quantitative research, descriptive analyses, longitudinal studies, or meta-analysis articles. A systematic review may be used to provide background information for the purpose or problem identified in the proposed capstone project. Use the ”Literature Evaluation Table” resource to complete this assignment. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Literature Evaluation Table Rubric

1
Unsatisfactory 0-71%
0.00%
2
Less Than Satisfactory 72-75%
75.00%
3
Satisfactory 76-79%
79.00%
4
Good 80-89%
89.00%
5
Excellent 90-100%
100.00%
100.0 %Article Selection
5.0 % Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and Permalink or Working Link to Access Article Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is not included. Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is present. Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is clearly provided and well developed. Author, journal (peer-reviewed), and permalink or working link to access article section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
5.0 % Article Title and Year Published Article title and year published section is not included. Article title and year published section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Article title and year published section is present. Article title and year published section is clearly provided and well developed. Article title and year published section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
10.0 % Research Questions (Qualitative) or Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes or Aim of Study Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is not included. Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is present. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is clearly provided and well developed. Research questions (qualitative) or hypothesis (quantitative), and purposes or aim of study section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
5.0 % Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative) Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is not included. Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is present. Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is clearly provided and well developed. Design (type of quantitative, or type of qualitative) section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
5.0 % Setting or Sample Setting or sample section is not included. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Setting or sample section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Setting or sample section is present. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Setting or sample section is clearly provided and well developed. Setting or sample section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
5.0 % Methods: Intervention or Instruments Methods: Intervention or instruments section is not included. Methods: Intervention or instruments section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Methods: Intervention or instruments section is present. Methods: Intervention or instruments section is clearly provided and well developed. Methods: Intervention or instruments section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
10.0 % Analysis Analysis section is not included. Analysis section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Analysis section is present. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Analysis section is clearly provided and well developed. Analysis section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
10.0 % Key Findings Key findings section is not included. Key findings section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Key findings section is present. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Key findings section is clearly provided and well developed. Key findings section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
10.0 % Recommendations Recommendations section is not included. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Recommendations section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. ORDER A CUSTOM-WRITTEN PAPER N Recommendations section is present. Recommendations section is clearly provided and well developed. Recommendations section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
10.0 % Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP or Capstone Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is not included. Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete. Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is present. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is clearly provided and well developed. Explanation of how the article supports EBP or capstone section is comprehensive and thoroughly developed with supporting details.
10.0 % Presentation The piece is not neat or organized, and it does not include all required elements. The work is not neat and includes minor flaws or omissions of required elements. The overall appearance is general, and major elements are missing. The overall appearance is generally neat, with a few minor flaws or missing elements. The work is well presented and includes all required elements. The overall appearance is neat and professional.
10.0 % Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, and language use) Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is employed. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct and varied sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are employed. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures and figures of speech. The writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question
5.0 % Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) Sources are not documented. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.
100 % Total Weightage NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question

Literature Evaluation Table

Student Name:

PICOT Question: In cigarette smokers older than 17 years (P), does nicotine replacement therapy (I), versus using other smoking cessation therapies (C), affect smoking cessation outcomes (O) over a period of three months (T)?

Criteria Article 1 Article 2 Article 3 Article 4
Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and Permalink or Working Link to Access Article Buller, D., Halperin, A., Severson, H., Borland, R., Slater, M., Bettinghaus, E., Tinkelman, D., Cutter, G. & Woodall, G. J Public Health Manag Pract., 20(2), E7-E15 doi:  10.1097/PHH.0b013e3182a0b8c7 (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3966563/) Metrik, J., Spillane, N., Leventhal, A. & Kahler, G. Drug Alcohol Depend., 119(3), 194-200 doi:  10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.06.004 (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3199036/) Rath, J., Villanti, A., Abrams, D. & Vallone, D. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 679134 doi: 10.1155/2012/679134 (https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jeph/2012/679134/citations/) Thurgood, S., McNeill, A., Clark-Carter, D. & Brose, L. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(5), 993-1001. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntv127 (https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article/18/5/993/2510055)
Article Title and Year Published Effect of Nicotine Replacement Therapy on Quitting by Young Adults in a Trial Comparing Cessation Services. 2014 Marijuana Use and Tobacco Smoking Cessation Among Heavy Alcohol Drinkers. 2011 Patterns of Tobacco Use and Dual Use in US Young Adults: The Missing Link between Youth Prevention and Adult Cessation. 2012 A Systematic Review of Smoking Cessation Interventions for Adults in Substance Abuse Treatment or Recovery 2015
Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study Research question (implied): How useful and effective is nicotine patch in smoking cessation interventions? Aim of the study: Use and effectiveness of nicotine patch was explored in a randomized trial evaluating smoking cessation interventions with this population. Research question (implied): How does marijuana use affect nicotine smoking cessation efforts for alcohol drinkers? NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question. Aim of the study: To determine whether marijuana use affects smoking cessation outcomes and whether smoking cessation treatment leads to changes in marijuana smoking among alcohol drinkers. Research question (implied): What is the prevalence of cigarette, other tobacco products, and dual use in a USA nationally representative sample of young adults aged 18–34. Aim of the study: To determine nicotine use prevalence among young adults in the USA Research questions: (1) what is the effectiveness of different smoking cessation interventions for patients with substance use disorders? (2) what is the impact of smoking cessation treatment on substance use outcomes? Aim of the study: to evaluate the effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions for patients with substance use disorders.
Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative) Quantitative design that included a pretest and posttest trial with the participants randomized. Quantitative design that applied a randomized control trial Quantitative study using online panel data Qualitative study that relied on literature review of peer-reviewed publications
Setting/Sample Sample comprised of 3,094 smokers aged 18-30 Sample comprised 236 heavy drinkers of which 57 currently smoked marijuana Sample comprised 4,201 young adults aged between 18 and 34 Randomized controlled trails published between 1990 and 2014
Methods: Intervention/Instruments The intervention entails subjecting the treatment group to a two-week nicotine replacement therapy. The intervention entailed using marijuana as a substitute for tobacco smoking and alcohol use. The instrument entailed collecting information on whether the participants used nicotine products The instrument entailed reviewed databases, grey literature, reference lists, and journals
Analysis Compared the performance of nicotine replacement therapy against other cessation strategies such as medication and counselling. Comparing tobacco smoking and alcohol use between marijuana smokers and non-marijuana smokers. Report the sample proportion that used nicotine products against the proportion that did not use nicotine to determine prevalence. Assessed emerging themes from the peer review.
Key Findings Greater nicotine replacement therapy use among those who received training than those who did not receive training (12-weeks: 84.3% v. 41.9%, p<.001; 26-weeks: 87.6% v. 51.1%, p<.001). Marijuana smokers reduced drinking by 47% over an 8-week period, to be followed by 24% reduction in tobacco smoking over the next 18 weeks. 23% of the participants used nicotine of which 30% reported dual use Nicotine patches, nicotine gum, counselling, contingency management, relapse prevention, cognitive behavioral therapy, nicotine replacement therapy, and bupropion are effective strategies for ensuring smoking abstinence and cessation.
Recommendations Nicotine replacement therapy should be availed to young adults who seek to cease smoking. Marijuana smoking presents a viable substitute for tobacco smoking and alcohol use. There is a need to monitor and implement smoking cessation efforts for young adults in the USA The discussed strategies should be extensively applied in smoking abstinence and cessation programs.
Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project The article supports the present project by providing tangible evidence to show that smoking cessation can be achieved by applying replacement therapy. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question The article supports the present project be presenting evidence to support the use of marijuana as tobacco substitute. The article supports the current project by highlighting the need to addressing smoking as a problem among young adults. The article supports the current project by indicating that nicotine replacement therapy is effective for smoking cessation programs.
Criteria Article 5 Article 6 Article 7 Article 8
Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and Permalink or Working Link to Access Article Garcia-Rodriguez, O., Secades-Villa, R., Florez-Salamanca, L.m Okuda, M., Liu, S. & Blanco, C. Drug Alcohol Depend., 132(3), 479-485 doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.008 (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3723776/) Chen, J., Nguyen, A., Malesker, M. & Morrow, L. Respiratory Care, 61(5), 640-645. doi: 10.4187/respcare.04439 Hakim, S., Chowdhury, M. & Uddin, J. Preventive Medicine Reports, 8, 122-128. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.08.007 (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221133551730133X) Diemert, L., Bondy, S., Brown, S. & Manske, S. American Journal of Public Health, 103(3), 449-453. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300878
Article Title and Year Published Effect of Nicotine Replacement Therapy on Quitting by Young Adults in a Trial Comparing Cessation Services. 2014 High-Risk Smoking Behaviors and Barriers to Smoking Cessation Among Homeless Individuals. 2016 Correlates of unsuccessful smoking cessation among adults in Bangladesh. 2017 Young Adult Smoking Cessation: Predictors of Quit Attempts and Abstinence. 2013
Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study Research question (implied): What are the estimated relapse rates and predictors to smoking? Aim of the study: to estimate rates of relapse to smoking in the community and to identify predictors of relapse. Research question (implied): What are the high-risk smoking behaviors and barriers to smoking cessation among homeless individuals? NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Aim of the study: to present data regarding tobacco use and barriers to smoking cessation among homeless individuals. Research question (implied): What are the correlates of unsuccessful smoking cessation among adults in Bangladesh? Aim of the study: to identify the correlates of unsuccessful smoking cessation among adults in Bangladesh. Research question (implied): What are the predictors of young adults smoking cessation behavior? Aim of the study: to determine if young adults smokers require effective and appropriate cessation resources.
Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative) Quantitative design that relied on secondary data Quantitative design that relied on surveys Quantitative design that relied on secondary from 2009 Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) for Bangladesh. Quantitative design that relied on data from Ontario Tobacco Survey.
Setting/Sample Data was collected from Waves 1 and 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions 100 smoking individuals residing at a homeless shelter 1552 smokers who are older than 14 years of age. 592 young adult smokers
Methods: Intervention/Instruments Information on smoking relapse and predictors Presenting opinions on the research topic Information on successful and unsuccessful smoking quitters Information on smoking quit attempts
Analysis Reported relapse and predictor statistics Present recurring themes Statistics on successful and unsuccessful smoking quitters among the participants Statistics on factors that influence smoking quit attempts
Key Findings Risk of relapse exceeded 50% within 1 year but dropped to 10% over the next 30 years. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question 90% of the participants engaged in at least one of the high-risk tobacco practices. Best smoking cessation aid was nicotine replacement therapy. Barriers to smoking cessation included excessive stress and anxiety. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question Of the 1552 smokers, 1058 unsuccessfully quit while 494 successfully quit 25% of young adult smokers attempt cessation, and 14% are successful for the first 30 days.
Recommendations Attention on persons who quit over the last year since they are at highest risk of relapse, although it should be noted that the risk is not eliminated over time. There is a need to address excessive stress and anxiety as barriers to cessation even as nicotine replacement therapy is applied as the best strategy among homeless individuals. Cessation programs require an integrated approach to improve successful outcomes Cessation is predicted by resources, prior attempts and intention. Abstinence is predicted by self-efficacy, resources, support, and level of addiction.  
Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone The article supports the project by showing that smoking cessation is a continuous process and the risk of relapse only decreases over time and is not fully eliminated. NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question The article supports the project by showing that nicotine replacement therapy is an effective strategy for smoking cessation. The article supports the current project by showing that cessation approaches are influenced by demographic factors such that what works for one group does not necessarily work for another group. As such, it would not be right to assume that nicotine replacement therapy would work for the population of interest since it works for other age groups. The article supports the current project by presenting factors that influence smoking cessation and are likely to have a destabilizing effect on the current project unless they are controlled.
NRS 490 – Literature Evaluation Table & PICOT Question

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