Nursing Essay Health Promotion Program

Nursing Essay Health Promotion Program: Planning, Design and Evaluation

  1. Define theory in your own words and explain why it is important to use theory in planning, implementing, and evaluating Health Promotion Programs.
  2. How doe behavior and the environment influence health and how does health promotion take both into account?
  3. Briefly describe three theories used in health promotion.
  4. What is the ecological perspective in health promotion?


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Nursing Essay Health Promotion Program
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

One of the roles of public health is to promote and protect the health of the people in the communities in which they live, work, go to school, and play.  Public health improves the health of communities through implementing health programs. This is achieved by compiling the research data, selecting the appropriate theory to support the identifying, developing, and implementing of health promotion and disease prevention programs (, n.d.).   

Nursing Essay Health Promotion Program: Planning, Design and Evaluation

Role of Theory in Health Promotion

Theory is a group of hypotheses which are formulated on limited data as a starting point to further the investigation. Theory is not the end result, but rather, theory is the tool which brings us to the end result. We can observe “the risky lifestyle behaviors, but theory provides the framework in which to build upon as we develop health promotion programs” (Simpson, 2015). 

The Importance of Using Theory in Health Promotion

 “Theory helps us to understand the behaviors, recognize what causes the behavior, and develop strategies to address those health behaviors. Planners can use theory to increase the effectiveness of their program design, implementation, and evaluation” (Simpson).   ‘Healthy People’ is a report published by the U.S. government and is an example of using theory to bring about change; specifically the relationship between the American people and their health. ‘Healthy People 2030’ is in the planning stage, but as in past decades, it will focus on “those aspects of health that are the most critical to overall health and well-being and can be improved using our available knowledge” (, 2019). 

Influence of Behavior and Environment on Health and Accounting For Both

Our behavior has a direct impact on our health.  Stress has been linked to cardiovascular disease and compromised immune system, so if we are in a high-stress job but do nothing to decompress, we are increasing our risks for those health problems.  If we partake in activities such as unprotected and promiscuous sex, tobacco and alcohol use, poorly balanced diet, and lack of exercise, our risk of developing health problems related to these behaviors increases.  A high-fat, high sugar, low-fiber diet, and no exercise increase our risk of developing heart disease and type 2 diabetes.   Unprotected and promiscuous sex increases our chances of getting a sexually transmitted disease (Institute of Medicine (U.S.) Committee on Health and Behavior: Research, Practice, and Policy (2001). 

The environment can influence our health by exposing us to pollutants found in the air, water, and soil. Air pollution and pollens can affect our breathing. Toxins like Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) can be found in our public water systems (Fifield, 2019) and can have a negative effect on a community’s health.   In Arizona, we have mining operations which the runoff from these industrial processes can enter the soil, contaminating it, making the soil unfit for farming (The University of Arizona, n.d.).

Health promotion must take into account our behavior and environment to effectively address the and prompt change. Our health is profoundly affected by such things as our social habits, where we live and work, economics, culture, and genetics.  We know that amongst low-income Hispanic communities, there is a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) than there is in a high-income Caucasian community.  A successful health promotion program must seek to improve personal behavior, but also improve a community’s access to affordable, wholesome, healthy foods, and tailor the program to also take into account Hispanic culture with regards to diet and exercise (American Diabetes Association, 2014).  

Three Theories Used In Health Promotion

Three theories used in health promotion are Ecological Model, Health Belief Model, and Theory of Reasoned Action/Planned Behavior.  The Ecological Model is described as “the interaction between, and interdependence of, factors within and across all levels of a health problem. It recognizes multiple levels of influence on health behaviors. Those influences are intrapersonal/individual factors, interpersonal factors, institutional/organizational factors, community factors, and public policy factors” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2005).   The next theory is the “Theory of Planned Behavior, and it started as the  Theory of Reasoned Action and was used to predict an individual’s intention to engage in a behavior at a specific time and place.  This theory takes into account six constructs, and they are attitudes, behavioral intention, subjective norms, social norms, perceived power, and perceived behavioral control. Collectively these constructs represent a person’s actual control over the behavior” (Boston University School of Public Health, 2018).  The Health Belief Model is based on the health behaviors of the “desire to avoid illness and the belief that a specific health action will prevent or cure an illness. It takes into account the six constructs of perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cue to action, and self-efficacy”

(Jones et al., 2015).

The Ecological Perspective In Health Promotion

The ecological perspective in health promotion is “the theoretical context meant to draw attention to individual and environmental determinants (or causes) of behavior (McLaren & Hawe, 2005).  The emphasis is focused on the individual and socioenvironmental factors as the reasons for the behavior(s) and becomes the targets for the health promotion intervention.


Nursing Essay Health Promotion Program: Planning, Design and Evaluation

What Will You Get?

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

Authentic Sources

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

Order Tracking

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9650+ Students for Writing

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Preferred Writer

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Grammar Check Report

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

One Page Summary

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

Plagiarism Report

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality

It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


We Analyze Your Problem and Offer Customized Writing

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

We Mirror Your Guidelines to Deliver Quality Services

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • Active communication to understand requirements.

We Handle Your Writing Tasks to Ensure Excellent Grades

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

  • Thorough research and analysis for every order.
  • Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now