Purpose and Research Questions

Use the following guidelines to critique the research article provided.

There is a

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distinct difference between critiquing and reporting.

Make sure you critique and

provide the analysis of “why” in your support.

Refer to Chapter 18 for specific

critiquing questions. Guidelines adapted from:

Gray, J.R., & Grove, S.K. (2021).

The practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of




ed.). Elsevier



Prepare your paper using APA format 7




No abstract is required.


Page length should be no more than 4 pages, excluding title and reference



(3 points)

Does the title represent the focus of the study?

Abstract (3 points)

Does the abstract summarize the purpose of the study, qualitative approach, sample

and key findings?

Research Problem (5 Points)

What is the phenomenon of interest? Is it explicit? Significance to the researcher noted?

To nursing?

Purpose and Research Questions (5 points)

Clearly stated? Logical approach to addressing the research problem of the study?

Addresses population as connected to identified problem?

Are there explicit questions? Are they consistent with the framework, problem, and


Is a qualitative method appropriate to answer the research questions?

Literature Review (4 points)

References current? Reviews previous studies and theories? Critically appraises and

synthesizes the studies? Summarizes what is known and not known?

Philosophical Foundation/Theoretical Perspective (5 points)


Philosophical theory and perspective described? Primary source cited for the

philosophical foundation/theory? Broad philosophy used? If so was a specific

philosopher identified?

Research Design (5 points)

Is the design appropriate based on the qualitative method chosen? What is that stated

or implied research approach? Describe the qualitative research perspective and state if

the researcher was true to the design? Is the research question asked, appropriate for

the methodology? (Gray, Grove & Sutherland, 2017, Chapter 4 may be helpful in

reviewing different qualitative research methodologies).

Sample and Setting (5 points)

What sampling method was used? Is it appropriate for the type of study? Was the sample described? How were participants selected and recruited? What was

the site(s) for participant selection? Was the inclusion and exclusion criteria for

participant selection described? Was the sample size sufficient and how was it

determined? Was data saturation described? What was the role of the researcher in the

sampling process?

Data Collection

(20 points)

What was the data collection process?

Discuss the period of time for the interviews and

data collection period? Describe the data collection process (individual interviews or

focus groups)? Was the research study conducted in a consistent manner or if changes

were made were they described?

Was protection of human subjects addressed? Did an Institutional Review Board

approve the study by approving the research process, protection of human subjects and

outcome? Did the researcher provide information on potential risk and benefits?

Ethical: Where there any adverse events and were they managed well? Did the

researcher acknowledge potential participant vulnerability and or sensitivity? What type

the thematic analysis process for coding data based on the design methodology?

Data Analysis and Methodological Congruence (20 points)

Discuss rigor and threats to the qualitative process (Make sure to address all aspects of

rigor evaluation)? Did the researcher maintain ethical rigor? Discuss ethical implications

related to the study? Was there a decision trail or auditability?

Analytical Preciseness


What type the thematic analysis process for coding data based on the design

methodology? Are the study themes logical and correspond with findings? Was there

member checking (expert in field) applied to the study?

Theoretical Connectedness

Are the themes and concepts clearly described, logical, interconnected and reflective of

the study population? Are the concepts and themes congruent with the phenomena?

Heuristic Relevance

Can the reader recognize the phenomenon described in the study and its theoretical



Interpretation and Implications for Future Research (6 points)

Was a theory produced?

Were findings linked to the framework? Were implications for

nursing practice, education, theory development, research or nursing science

addressed? Were suggestions made for future research?


Summarize strengths and weaknesses of the study

Explain how the study contributes to nursing knowledge


(15 points)

Graduate level writing should be concise, clear, and organized. Content should flow

from paragraph to paragraph using proper transitions. Correct use of grammar, spelling,

and punctuation will assist in this process.

All graduate papers must be written using

the APA 6


edition. Please refer to the APA Manual 7


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