Benchmark – Patient’s Spiritual Needs: Case Analysis Essay

Benchmark – Patient’s Spiritual Needs: Case Analysis Essay

Benchmark – Patient’s Spiritual Needs: Case Analysis Essay

Healthcare providers, especially nurses and physicians, require knowledge and awareness about the spiritual needs of their patients to tackle dilemma situations where spiritual aspects and beliefs interfere with the conventional medical and nursing processes (Brown, 2019). The case study, “Healing and Autonomy” explores the dilemmas that healthcare providers encounter concerning the Christian worldview and the decisions that patients and their families make. The purpose of this essay is to evaluate, based on the case scenario, the role of a patient’s spiritual needs based on the principles of autonomy and the Christian worldview.

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Allowing Mike to Make Irrational and Harmful Decisions

James is Mike’s son who has been diagnosed with kidney disease and requires a transplant as the long-term solution. Physicians have a professional role to respect the principle of patient autonomy which entails the right of patients to make decisions about the kind of medical interventions and treatment without any undue influence from the healthcare provider (Papanikitas, 2022). James as a minor cannot make decisions and this means that his parents, especially the father, Mike, exercise the role. Autonomy is a critical issue as the physician must respect the decisions and choices that Mike and Joanne make about the kind of care that their son should get, including foregoing interventions like dialysis and opting for healing services at their church. While the decision seems irrational and increased harm to James, the physician cannot stop Mike from such choices because of the principle of autonomy. He should not impose what he knows is the right thing to do but allow Mike to make decisions on what he believes is in the best interest of their son as a family.

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Patients make informed decisions based on information offered by healthcare providers concerning their health and medical conditions. In this case, the physician and his team have a duty to offer the best information and case scenarios for Mike to make better decisions. The physician should deploy his expertise and experience to offer critical information for Mike to make better decisions. He should base his direction and arguments on scientific and medical facts to help Mike and Joanne get in the right direction. Using this approach, the physician would help Mike analyze his son’s condition and make informed choices.

Sickness, Health, Medical Interventions, Trust in God, and Honoring Beneficence & Non-maleficence

Religion plays a critical role in individuals and their perception of health. Religion influences the conduct and beliefs that Christians attach to health and sickness where different Christian denominations have varied perspectives and positions (Wiese-Bjornstal, 2019). However, many Christians consider these aspects essential with health as a blessing from God. Many consider sickness as a result of shortcomings and possible consequences of wrongdoing. However, others believe that sickness provides one the chance to strengthen their faith in God and understand the purpose of human living and life.

Christians need to understand that sickness and health exist based on a host of aspects like God’s intention (Brown, 2019). Christians ought to understand that despite assurances from God and His promises, sickness and health are part of human living and should be considered positively, despite their varied effects. Sickness and health emphasize the need for human beings to take care of themselves and the sick.

Medical interventions are important despite one having faith. Christians should not decline or oppose any intervention when they have a disease (Sabo, 2021). Christians are called to embrace science and scientific facts that God uses to intervene in human life to heal after physicians treat an individual. Christians should accept medical interventions as God uses them to eliminate unnecessary suffering while upholding the sanctity of life. The biblical narrative asserts that medical interventions, alongside prayers, heal and restore health. God bestows intelligence on human beings through physicians to allow them to discover medical interventions to cure diseases and alleviate human suffering. Therefore, Christians should consider medical interventions as key to their beliefs and practices. Jesus Christ asserts that Christians should seek medical intervention in Mathew 9:12.

As a Christian, Mike should allow the physician to proceed with the treatment plan for James and maintain his faith in God’s healing power. As a Christian, he believes that God has the power to heal sickness and restore health. He should accept medical interventions through the physician’s plan and pray for a miracle. By doing this, he will be acting in the best interest of his son. He should leverage information from the physician and focus on two critical aspects of beneficence and non-maleficence. He should know that they should prioritize the best interests of James and not do any harm as the physician demonstrates (Fortuin et al., 2021). They should trust that spiritual healing will happen and allow the physician to do his part in the best interest of James.

Spiritual Needs Assessment

Spiritual requirements are significant and have an impact on a patient’s ability to make decisions when ill. Spiritual assessment and requirements help patients to appreciate their present condition and seek a better or higher understanding based on the suffering and other aspects that they have to endure (Hawthorne & Gordon, 2020). The main goal of this assessment is to support patients through the integration and incorporation of their religious beliefs and norms as part of the health care plan and interventions. The spiritual assessment also helps patients to use spiritual resources to enhance their overall wellness.

Conducting a spiritual assessment before treatment allows providers to strengthen rapport and therapeutic alliance with patients. These assessments lead to renewal, development of resiliency among patients, and growth of their perceptions. Therefore, spiritual assessment and care are fundamental components of providing holistic and patient-centered care (O’Brien et al., 2019). The physician can leverage different spiritual assessment tools like HOPE and FICA models that allow one to understand all spiritual components impacting a patient’s ability to receive treatment.

The physician will use the spiritual assessment plan to help improve his understanding of Mike and Joanne’s perception of the recommended treatment interventions. The physician will identify and appreciate the spiritual needs of the couple and the best approach to delivering health interventions for their son. The physician will also learn the religious beliefs and values embraced by Mike and Joanne and have a context to discuss their experiences in coping with the illness and moral decision-making approach (Rachel et al., 2019). Therefore, the assessment will offer a chance to discuss these components and how the family can handle the current situation.


Patients have varied spiritual components that impact the delivery of care. Spiritual assessment is critical for providers to understand the position of patients and their families based on their religious practices, beliefs, and norms. As demonstrated, the assessment would help evaluate the mental status and position of Mike and Joanne regarding medical interventions for their son.


Brown, C. G. (2019). Theologies of medicine and miracles. Society, 56(2), 141-146.

Fortuin, N. P., Schilderman, J. B., & Venbrux, E. (2021). Interpretation and timing of death: The

development and initial validation of the interpretation of death (IOD) scale and the attitudes toward medical interventions in the timing of death (AMITOD) scale. Death Studies, 45(4), 282-295. DOI: 10.1080/07481187.2019.1626950.

Hawthorne, D. M., & Gordon, S. C. (2020). The invisibility of spiritual nursing care in clinical

            practice. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 38(1), 147-155. DOI: 10.1177/0898010119889704.

Papanikitas, A. (2022). The many flavors of justice in primary care. British Journal of General

Practice, 72(719), 270-270. DOI: 10.3399/bjgp22X719597.

O’Brien, M. R., Kinloch, K., Groves, K. E., & Jack, B. A. (2019). Meeting patients’ spiritual

needs during end‐of‐life care: A qualitative study of nurses and healthcare professionals’ perceptions of spiritual care training. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 28(1-2), 182-189.

Rachel, H., Chiara, C., Robert, K., & Francesco, S. (2019). Spiritual care in nursing: an overview

of the measures used to assess spiritual care providers and related factors amongst nurses. Acta Bio Medica: Atenei Parmensis, 90(Suppl 4), 44.

Sabo, A. (2021). Practicing Dignity: An Introduction to Christian Values and Decision Making

In Health Care (1st Edition). Grand Canyon University – Digital Resources.



Wiese-Bjornstal, D. M. (2019). Christian beliefs and behaviors as health protective, resilience,

and intervention factors in the context of sports injuries. In Sport, Psychology, and Christianity (pp. 54-70). Routledge.

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Assessment Description
In addition to the topic Resources, use the chart you completed and questions you answered in the Topic 3 about “Case Study: Healing and Autonomy” as the basis for your responses in this assignment.

Answer the following questions about a patient’s spiritual needs in light of the Christian worldview.

In 200-250 words, respond to the following: Should the physician allow Mike to continue making decisions that seem to him to be irrational and harmful to James, or would that mean a disrespect of a patient’s autonomy? Explain your rationale.
In 400-500 words, respond to the following: How ought the Christian think about sickness and health? How should a Christian think about medical intervention? What should Mike as a Christian do? How should he reason about trusting God and treating James in relation to what is truly honoring the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence in James’s care?
In 200-250 words, respond to the following: How would a spiritual needs assessment help the physician assist Mike determine appropriate interventions for James and for his family or others involved in his care?
Remember to support your responses with the topic Resources.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Benchmark Information

This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies:

BS in Health Sciences 1.2; BS Nursing (RN to BSN ) 5.2

Assess for the spiritual needs and provide appropriate interventions for individuals, families, and groups.


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