Psychosocial Factors in Patient Education Essay Paper

Psychosocial Factors in Patient Education Essay Paper

Psychosocial Factors in Patient Education Essay Paper

Psychosocial factors may have various effects on patients and healthcare providers. Psychosocial factors include depression, hostile environments and self-esteem (Thomas et al., 2020). The purpose of this paper is to highlight the effect of these factors on patient education, define personality traits, define adjustment strategies to illness and describe the role of the family in patient education and compliance.

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Psychosocial Factors Affecting Health Care Professionals

Psychosocial factors affecting health professionals may include depression, self-esteem, work environments and exhaustion. Poor work environments, low self-esteem and exhaustion can negatively impact patient education (Thomas et al., 2020). There may be a lack of motivation, conflicts and low satisfaction in the workplace thus providers may lack the drive to indulge in effective patient education. Job satisfaction, conducive working environments and motivation may promote patient interaction and facilitate effective patient education

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Psychosocial Factors Affecting Patients and Impacts on Patient Education

Psychosocial factors affecting patients may include hopelessness, trust, depression and beliefs (Thomas et al., 2020). Negative factors such as depression and hopelessness due to illness or other stressors may tilt patients to disregard key health promotion messages and education strategies. They may feel that they lack impact on their health thus they may not adhere to such information. Certain cultural beliefs may also lead to disregard for education. Patients with trust, hope and will may regard the education strategies as they may have the belief that it will better their health. 

Personality Styles and Approaches

Personality styles refer to the different characteristics that individuals may have that determine their reactions and inclinations (Redelmeier et al., 2021). Various approaches can be applied to deal with different personality styles and they include offering patient-centered care where patients are active participants in their care, involving relatives in decision making especially for patients with anxiety regarding treatment options and creating a conducive environment where patients can openly air their concerns. Caregivers can also build trust to enable cooperation with such patients. Self-perception is a key factor and it may influence health-seeking behavior, lifestyle choices and decisions about treatment choices. It can also positively or negatively affect behaviors as patients may develop mood or eating disorders based on their perceptions of their health. 

Steps in Adjustment to Illness and Patient’s Coping

The steps to adjust to illness include denial, bargaining, acceptance, anger and depression (Dekker & de Groot, 2018). Patients can cope with denial by talking to providers or relatives about their illness reflecting on information shared. They can cope with anger by expressing what they feel and engaging in distracting and relaxing activities such as exercise. Getting social support and an understanding environment can help patients deal with depression. Being given time to process information about their condition and a supportive environment can help them deal with the bargaining stage. Patients can cope with acceptance by being mindful and focusing on other positive aspects of their life.

Health Professional’s Role in Teaching the Patient

            In the early stages of life, health care providers can provide health promotional messages and safety standards to parents to help promote the health of the young ones. In the middle life stages, patients can have an active role in their care where they are involved in decision making and health professionals can deliver comprehensive health education (Dekker & de Groot, 2018). In the later stages of life, multidisciplinary care can be provided with more psychosocial support being given to these patients.

The Role of the Family in Patient Education.

The family can have a central role in patient care. They act as a support system for patients and can aid in decision-making. The family can be educated on the patient’s condition and they can help patients take part in recommended treatment options and promote recovery (Yaner et al., 2019). They can improve the attitude of patients and help them adhere to recommended treatments.

Influence of Family on Compliance and Healthcare Professional’s Measures

Family members can encourage patients to stick to treatment recommendations (Yaner et al., 2019). They can offer support which can be financial to assist them access services that might have been unaffordable to promote compliance. They can also accompany patients to check-ups, facilitate transport and offer psychological support as these can improve compliance. Health care professionals should provide informed consent to patients and family, be honest, be empathetic and offer other support systems for family members. They should pay attention to the concerns of the family and provide clear elaborative information in addition to relieving the anxiety of family members. 


Psychological factors include stress, depression, hopelessness and work environments. They can affect patients and health care providers as well and these may have positive and negative impacts on patient education. The family has a role in patient care and they may improve the general outcome of patients and compliance with treatment. Various personality traits exist in healthcare and understanding them will lead to approaches to individualizing patient care.


Dekker, J., & de Groot, V. (2018). Psychological adjustment to chronic disease and rehabilitation – an exploration. Disability and Rehabilitation, 40(1), 116–120.

Redelmeier, D. A., Najeeb, U., & Etchells, E. E. (2021). Understanding Patient Personality in Medical Care: Five-Factor Model. Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Thomas, K., Nilsson, E., Festin, K., Henriksson, P., Lowén, M., Löf, M., & Kristenson, M. (2020). Associations of Psychosocial Factors with Multiple Health Behaviors: A Population-Based Study of Middle-Aged Men and Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4), 1239.

Yaner, N. R., Sukartini, T., Kristiawati, K., & Maulana, M. R. (2019). Family Support Required to Increase Compliance of Medical Control of Patients with Cancers. Jurnal Ners, 14(3), 331–335.

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Homework Topic 2
Assessment Description
Write a short (50-100-word) paragraph response for each question. This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

Give examples of psychosocial factors that affect the health care professional and the effect those factors could have on patient education.
Give examples of psychosocial factors that affect the patient and the effect those factors could have on patient education.
Explain what is meant by personality styles and give examples of approaches that could be used to help the patient. Include self-perception as a factor.
List the steps in adjustment to illness and how the patient copes with each step.
Explain the health professional’s role in teaching the patient at different life stages.
Define the role of the family in patient education.
How might the family influence the compliance of the patient and what measures can the health care professional use in communication with the family?

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