Role of Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation Essay

Role of Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation Essay

Role of Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation Essay

Nursing informatics innovations are adapting to a fast changing healthcare environment that implores nurse leaders to guide graduate informaticist nurses in their roles, especially when implementing those innovations through the system development life cycle (SDLC). Nurse informaticists play essential roles in the conception and development as well as implementation of new technologies. These include active participation in collecting and offering detailed information about the new workflows within the system. Additionally, they assist in guiding new nursing technologies focused on continuous process improvement (Kassam & Nagle, 2018). The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate how a nurse manager can guide graduate nurse informaticist in the development and implementation of new system based on the SDLC model at different stages.

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System Development Life Cycle (SDLC)

The nurse manager ensures that nurses embrace system’s documentation and is highly deployed by the targeted or intended users through onboarding a nurse leader to oversee the development and implementation plan while following the five stages of the system development life cycle. The nurse informaticist works in collaboration with the system developers on relevant aspects of documentation that include data management and storage, ethics, relevance to patient care, security of the system and decision support components as well as intelligence.

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Role at planning and Requirement Definition Phase

At the planning stage, the nurse informaticist assesses the benefits, terms and goals of the documentation. The graduate informaticist nurse interacts with the team leaders and the system developer to carry out certain tasks and responsibilities. These include determination of the nature and issues, examination of selection of solutions and assimilation with required resources.

The nurse also identifies the timelines for the project and helps identify and define priorities, the mission targets and establishment of reasonable standards (Kassam & Nagle, 2018). The participation of the nurse informaticist at this stage is important in delivery of a clinical nursing perspective to contribute to the development of a safe and user-friendly as well as effective system for their practice environment (Verma & Gupta, 2017). The involvement of graduate informatics nurse at this stage allows them to voice concerns that affect nurses based on the potential benefits and demerits of the proposed documentation system.

Role at the Analysis Phase

The graduate nurse engages in the evaluation and assessment of all the components of the documentation system like functionality and quality to the benefits of the organization and the end-users, the nurse practitioners. The nurse must verify all components of the system to ascertain that they meet the documentation needs of the practitioners. The nurse should highlight the possible inefficiencies of the system (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2018). The graduate nurse should practically verify the intelligence of the system and the user interface so that they have a symphony with the required cognitive capabilities of the nursing staff. At this stage, potential errors that nursing staff can make during the documentation process should be eliminated or prevented as the nurse leader represents the interests of the nurse practitioners in the facility (Verma & Gupta, 2017). The involvement is essential as it optimizes the efficiency in system development and reduces post-deployment hindrances and even interruptions.

Role at the Design Phase

The design stage is the third phase of the SDLC process and here, developers focus on modeling a novel documentation system. The nurse informaticist’s role is to offer a rough template of the documentation system for the nurses. The template should benefit from the proposed system’s hardware and software capabilities to assess optimum output for the practitioners (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2018). The nurse informaticist ensures alignment between the cognitive competency of the documentation system and the abilities of the nurses in the facility.

The graduate nurse leader must also identify documentation challenges that nurse practitioners encounter and ensure that the new system addresses them effectively. The participation of the graduate nurse leader is essential as it ascertains that the documentation system fulfils security and communication needs of nurses and complies with the regulatory requirements like Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

Implementation Phase

The implementation stage entails the customization and installation of the system in the clinical IT infrastructure. The nurse informaticist participates at this stage by offering detailed awareness and explanation of the system to fellow nurses. The educative session eliminates possible complexity of the implementation and any buy-in or acceptance challenges by nurses. The nurse also ensures that there is adequate planning and program management as well as the evaluation of results (Wang et al., 2019). The graduate nurse informaticist also provides two-way communication between the employees and the supervisors about the system and if it meets organization’s staff needs (Kassam & Nagle, 2018). The involvement here ensures that the implementation identifies possible errors and missing details of the developed system. Imperatively, the nurse leader ensures that the outcomes generated from the implemented system provide high quality and translate to effective patient management.

Role Post-Implementation

When the system is considered ready for deployment by the nursing staff, a post-implementation assessment is necessary to identify aspects like bugs and errors that the system developer never got hold of during the testing and analysis stage. The nurse informaticist compares the planned system requirements to the actual usage to realize any gaps that should be addressed (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2018). The nurse identifies and reports such issues to the manager or the software development team, necessitating the rise of a new systems development life cycle. The nurse also identifies any value addition features and support attributes that can be considered in future iterations of the documentation system.


Nurse informaticist play valuable roles in clinical settings that implore them to understand the integration of new technology. The informaticists contribute to each stage of the SDLC process to inform correct and complete design and implementation of novel systems. The nurse informaticist in this case serves as a liaison between the end-users who are nurse practitioners and the software development team. They inform the developers about the needs, requirements and challenges that frontline nurse encounter to develop systems that address these aspects.


Kassam, I., & Nagle, L. (2018). Informatics competencies for nurse leaders: protocol for a

            scoping review. BMJ Open, 7(12). DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018855

McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2018). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge

            (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Verma, M. P., & Gupta, D. S. (2017). Software Development for Nursing: Role of Nursing

Informatics. International Journal of Nursing Education and Research. DOI:10.5958/2454-2660.2017.00044.8

Wang, J., Gephart, S. M., Mallow, J., & Bakken, S. (2019). Models of collaboration and

dissemination for nursing informatics innovations in the 21st Century. Nursing Outlook, 67(4), 419-432. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2019.02.003

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To Prepare:
Review the steps of the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) and reflect on the scenario presented.
Consider the benefits and challenges associated with involving a nurse leader on an implementation team for health information technology.
The Assignment: (2-3 pages not including the title and reference page)
In preparation of filling this role, develop a 2- to 3-page role description for a graduate-level nurse to guide his/her participation on the implementation team. The role description should be based on the SDLC stages and tasks and should clearly define how this individual will participate in and impact each of the following steps:
Planning and requirements definition
Design of the new system
Post-implementation support
Use APA format and include a title page and reference page.
Use the Safe Assign Drafts to check your match percentage before submitting your work.

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